VAPING: WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW
THE HARMFUL INGREDIENTS
WHAT'S IN AN E-CIGARETTE?
Solutions, sometimes called e-liquids, almost always include nicotine, flavoring and a humectant, such as propylene glycol, to retain moisture and create the aerosol when heated. While many of these components have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for oral consumption, they have not been approved for inhalation. This means there isn't a great deal of knowledge about the health consequences when inhaled.
E-cigarettes produce a number of dangerous chemicals including acetaldehyde, acrolein, and formaldehyde. These an cause lung disease, as well as heart disease.
E-cigarettes also contain acrolein, a herbicide primarily used to kill weeds, and can cause acute lung injury and COPD and may cause asthma and lung cancer.
"A 2018 Truth Initiative study published in Tobacco Control found that among current youth and young adult JUUL users, the majority — 63% — did not know that the product always contains nicotine."
Graphic Source: CDC
SECONDHAND E-CIGARETTE EMISSIONS ARE DANGEROUS TOO!
"In 2016, the Surgeon General concluded that secondhand emissions contain, "nicotine; ultrafine particles; flavorings such as diacetyl, a chemical linked to serious lung disease; volatile organic compounds such as benzene, which is found in car exhaust; and heavy metals, such as nickel, tin, and lead." -- lung.org
THE GOOD NEWS ... 1.8 million fewer U.S. youth are currently using e-cigarettes compared to last year, BUT
it's still a major problem
E-cigarette, e-cigs, vapes, vape pens, mods and tanks are all terms for electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS).
The e-cigarette brand JUUL has become so popular among youth that "JUULing" has become a verb for e-cigarette use.
E-cigarettes operate by heating a liquid solution to a high enough temperature so that it produces an aerosol that is inhaled.
Although it's referred to as "vaping," e-cigarettes produce an aerosol, which contains tiny chemical particles from the liquid and the device. These particles can lead to cardiovascular injury.
Same Flavors, Different Forms -
Oral Nicotine Pouches & Lozenges.
A new type of flavored nicotine product is gaining popularity - oral nicotine pouches and lozenges. Zyn and Velo are a couple of the leading brands in this category. These products come in a variety of enticing flavors like citrus, berry, mint and menthol. Zyn's marketing often suggests flavor pairings, like the coffee and donuts photo below. These products are very concerning since we know flavors appeal to youth.
A 2020 survey from Truth Initiative showed that
13% of 15-24 year olds were past 30-day users of pouches.
TIPS FOR TALKING TO KIDS ABOUT VAPING
Please visit the American Lung Association's Vaping Conversation Guide for tips to help you talk to your kids.
RESOURCES FOR PARENTS & EDUCATORS
The program provides up-to-date information to teachers, parents, and health professionals to equip students with the knowledge and skills they need to make informed decisions about the use of e-cigarettes, including JUUL devices.
An online educational resource that delivers tobacco prevention education to teens and adolescents at a self-directed pace. The program is evidenced-based and tackles the full range of traditional and emerging products such as e-cigarettes, hookah, JUUL and synthetic marijuana.
With Tricia Dahl of the Yale Vaping Research Center
DID YOU KNOW...
On December 20, 2019, the President signed legislation amending the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, and raising the federal minimum age for sale of tobacco products from 18 to 21 years. This legislation (known as “Tobacco 21” or “T21”) is effective immediately, and it is now illegal for a retailer to sell any tobacco product—including cigarettes, cigars, and e-cigarettes—to anyone under 21. The new federal minimum age of sale applies to all retail establishments and persons with no exceptions.